The La Chi people in Ha Giang has over 8 thousand people, residents concentrated in Ban Phung Ban Diu and The Machine of Xin Man district, Hoang Su Phi … They also have many different names such as: Turkish Black, Man, Xa. The La Chi with the customs of farming, housing, marriage, funerals, ceremonies costume … Which ancestor please protect fields, shifting the biggest ceremonies in their year.
Celebration transplants done and ask the ancestors protect fields, shifting from La Chi takes place in July every year. People invite their ancestors back from the first day, on July Thirteen is the ceremony of farewell ancestral dwelling place of his price.
At first, people invited their ancestors celebrated Mass on food festival and have fun with children and grandchildren. Before, rituals held at the home of family heads. The plate is placed at the altar ceremony ancestors, the shaman (possibly the landlord) reading content offerings “… day of July A ghost invited to drink, one year only once, to his year the rice please, please go sowing rice, wheat fed to care for good, for sure grain rice, the grain seed cotton … “.
Second day of July, the families in the village started harvesting buffalo bustling atmosphere. This is a tradition with a long life, because the day of the Tet July Luo never been lacking buffalo meat. Previously, buffalo surgery in July usually buffalo festival of the village, by the village households contribute money to buy, then handed one – a few families in the village are responsible buffalo, to date, the July festival surgery. After killing a buffalo feast, the family has celebrated a food festival at the family patriarch. After the descendants of the family to crowded enough, they remove the drum heads, remove the gong hanging near the altar ancestors, he took a bamboo basket hanging ancestral altar down, use banana leaf pieces underlayment for buffalo meat put in, grab a banana leaf placed face up on the other.
This day, the patriarch had to make wine, “roe deer”, this is very characteristic wines from La Chi only in the holidays. Wine roe deer are in turn flows into the horn to grow them as sacrifices. Once prepared, the patriarch dressed according to tradition, back wearing a piece of buffalo skin, a buffalo horn handle, one hand holding a rope and hung ginger mouth mumbling ancestor worship called three generations of July food festival with her grandchildren. Invite finished, he took the cup of wine to drink out of and then continue to call others. After the ritual, drum, gong boisterous emerged during the day food festival village.
Thirteen days to the end of July, the children continue to wheels off ceremony ancestors on his dwelling place price. Trays sacrifice nothing changed from the first day, oracles dressed in their daily activities, sitting in position and professed by content: “Today is the day … Thirteen July this year the rice fields, their upland rice looks good, does well to cotton, not eating leaf worm, not the stem borer, rice paddy is a clump clump flashed a … “
Previously, in July, ethnic La Chi usually worshiped ancestors, singing, games in the vacant post, but now, instead of the cocktail party. According to some seniors, the main reason leading to the size reduction of the festival is due to immigrants incomplete as a family, without him, “then” represent each family, less populated, not have a fun community, lack of props, musical instruments …
We can say, though sparse population, but people in Ha Giang Luo are together rubbing shoulders with other peoples labor in building and defending the homeland. During its development, the La Chi preserving national cultural identity, some nice traditions continue to be promoted, some habits that are gradually being shaped to quickly get along with people Other nations in the region to adapt to the overall development of the country today.