Terraces cultivation methods, the construction of field grown rice Hill. The soil in the hillsides, mountains are the grader tie has the same slope as the Council level (altitude and an area of equivalent) serial-style top-down ladder.
Terraces cultivation characteristics
Due to the high mountain region in rare earth by to farming, especially rice water, people overcome by choosing the hillside, mount tam canvas color soil level to form the swathes of land by farming rice combination, in a narrow valley with the opening of an emergency on the high mountains. Then depending on the intention of farming that can to dry or water from the higher peaks.
In this cultivated form Vietnam are also very popular in areas such as the Highlands, Northwest or the North region …
Each zone was staggered terraces, floor layer, further mountain mountains, hills, situated in hills to the Valley next, climbing of hills paddy fields, ploughing on non convex.
Season start from when the sow was about 3-4 months of plating, “segment, the ash to care, 9-10, the harvest. As early as the late region, where, depending on the source of the water sooner or later. Terraced landscapes and living of minorities that make up the vibrant paintings, gorgeous, hard to describe.
Elements to exploit the terraces
First: due to hilly terrain, can not do the paddy fields as in the Plains. Also for this reason, the water will flow down caused erosion, avalanche. Built in a terraced paddy field will best minimize the impact of rain water. Retain the most nutrients in the soil.
Second: water resources mainly in natural water sources, this is the circuit water flow from the slopes, ravines, mineral water, rain water, pond water, no water in rivers, lakes, they don’t get water wells. Circuit water flow from the ravine, the Ridge occupies an important role, it is the most common source of water and is used in daily activities as well as in production. The mountainous region has many underground water veins, making terraces will take advantage of the water circuit which, for regulating the water, because in the mountains will have difficulty in irrigation (little river or stay away from), water will flow down from the low ranks, so don’t flood flooding phenomenon that happens enough water.
Third: make rice in a ladder will save land, growing to be more and more …. look more beautiful.
The rainy season, using many different water resources: water, pond water, the water circuit. The dry season, only water and mineral water, but this water sources well only with a limited capacity.
From these characteristics of water resources in the area, have contributed to the creation, in the folk knowledge about water. Such behavior knowledge with circuit water source on the high mountains of them very rich, unique and diverse. Or in other words, the people here have to know, know to take advantage of local water resource characteristics living to serve life, economic development, social culture for his nation.
The meaning of doing terraces
The terraces are all rice water a service, it is not the predominant food joint offering for the people, but also is the source of considerable goods to people selling to the market, improve the life, brings great economic efficiency, as well as remarkably efficient in terms of society as : creating jobs for large numbers of people.
Developing terraces will promote the further development of the agricultural industry because it is a form of export agricultural commodities, traditional products in place is effective, marketing and promoting take root on product origin, especially when demand for self-defense health of social community in advance the risk of environmental pollution in large cities on the increase. As more valuable by many terraces today are contributing to create unique travel products for the region. These are attractive destinations and of many foreign tourists.
Do the terraces is a help in poverty alleviation and community development in rural areas, especially in the remote areas, ethnic minority areas in a sustainable manner but still preserved are culture and protect the living environment and the natural environment.
Thanks to productivity so more productive shallow rice production (rice Lady), so creating the stability of food, improve the lives of the people of the region.
CULTURAL TERRACES IN NORTHWEST
Experience rice of the Northwest people
In the PH type of terraces also appear in many places in the North, even in M’Drăk in Dak Lak Province, in which at least had terraces Cang (in 3 communes La Pán, Cu Hit and Zế Coin Bulge, Yen Bai) is recognized as a national monument in 2007.
The view from on high terraces like a soft picture. That is why the West was always proud of the land that they have created a unique culture for themselves.
Experience people’s terraces where the very rich, the first factor that interest them is select pieces of the hill there are the source of water, or water circuit can trenching water to paddy fields. To lead the country on the terraces, trenching, create water flow from on high down, from side to side, from paddy fields on rice down under. The system also has a water trench system of the trench when the need (rain flood water). The upper terraces, people dig trenches to traffic in the room except the rain water overflow from top down Lady rice do broken rice, rice paddy, color drift at the same time it is also the fence prevented cattle, goats on the destructive rice paddy fields. Terraces cultivation, one must wait for the rain-filled ditch to cross streams down the trough of water and rice can be cultivated. In heavy rain, rain, at least five years early, in a late implantation implantation influence crop yield. And rice is your favorite Lady land type, withstand, adapt to the high mountains, the weather has cycles of growth, developing from about March of the lunar calendar in July by the lunar calendar. The terraces is the behavior of the Buttocks, the knife, people with this kind of cultivation on sloping land. Terraces are achievements both in terms of culture and folk knowledge, has worked, creating productivity in the region. Upper North Hills travel domain mountains, terraces stretching from on high down to the Valley’s doorstep. The obviously winding according to many marks, is of how generations of successive high mountain residents built to have the Golden season.
When creating this terraced plots, the Buttocks, the knife, people just think its doing so is most effective in the agricultural cultivation. However, because the hills are steep terrain, winding back high, so the rice terraces were meandering in a way very soft. Each season, the terraces creating the painting with the color array. Service cultivation terraces just have blue white silver medium non-plating of the country. Harvest season comes, terraces “turned” left the mountain into a silky blond Woods. And the beauty of the terraces also changes when the Buttocks, the knife, people cultivated in rotation, rotating harvest the crops. Terraces have 2 time is considered the most unique, that’s the point when people bring water to the paddy fields because look at the paddy field filled up so beautiful, and no good harvests because the golden rice, the beauty is also associated with the no warm, tied to the life of people and associated with the Festival of cultural activities. With the advantages of climate, landscape and conditions of place, this is the ideal place for travelers in the rest, explore the world of nature. In particular, community tourism or eco-tourism is a kind of new but friendly.